Pinniped Species


Spotted Seal

Scientific Name: Phoca largha
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Phocidae
Genus: Phoca
Species: largha
Other Common Names: Spotted Seal
Average Length:

Males – 5ft
Females – 5ft

Average Weight:

Males – 250lbs
Females – 140lbs


Spotted seals are found in the North Pacific Ocean ranging from Alaska to Japan.


These seals have silver to light gray fur with dark spots. Spotted seals are often confused with harbor seals in areas where their populations mix. 

Diet in the Wild:

Adults eat capelin, herring, arctic cod and Pollock. Juveniles will feed on krill and small crustaceans. 


Spotted seals generally are found in arctic or sub-arctic waters and found within margins of shifting ice.


The breeding season for Spotted seals range from January to mid-April with majority of pups being born in mid-March. Spotted seals reach sexual maturity at 4 years old.

Conservation Status:

Spotted seals are on the Low Risk-least concern list.

Threats in the Wild:

For all ice seal species, the loss of sea ice poses a great threat to their habitat. They can also be by-catch for certain fishing practices.

Fun Facts:

Spotted seals are monogamous each year and form “family” groups which consists of a male, female and a pup.

Resident Animals: none